TitleMetagenomics using next-generation sequencing.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsBragg L, Tyson GW
JournalMethods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.)
Volume1096
Pagination183-201
Date Published2014
ISSN1940-6029
AbstractTraditionally, microbial genome sequencing has been restricted to the small number of species that can be grown in pure culture. The progressive development of culture-independent methods over the last 15 years now allows researchers to sequence microbial communities directly from environmental samples. This approach is commonly referred to as "metagenomics" or "community genomics". However, the term metagenomics is applied liberally in the literature to describe any culture-independent analysis of microbial communities. Here, we define metagenomics as shotgun ("random") sequencing of the genomic DNA of a sample taken directly from the environment. The metagenome can be thought of as a sampling of the collective genome of the microbial community. We outline the considerations and analyses that should be undertaken to ensure the success of a metagenomic sequencing project, including the choice of sequencing platform and methods for assembly, binning, annotation, and comparative analysis.
DOI10.1007/978-1-62703-712-9_15

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