Professor Gene Tyson is a microbial ecologist whose research applies culture-independent molecular approaches to understand the structure and function of microbial communities in the environment. During Gene’s dissertation research (University of California, Berkeley) he was the lead author on one of the first studies to use metagenomics. In this work he investigated the metabolic potential and population diversity of microbial communities involved in acid mine drainage (AMD) generation, and demonstrated, for the first time, that metagenomic data could be used to reconstruct near complete genomes directly from environmental samples.
Professor Tyson’s group at the University of Queensland, is now using the metagenomic and metatranscriptomic approaches he helped pioneer, to investigate microbial communities in a wide range of different communities in both engineered systems and natural environments. His group is continuing to develop new ways to analyze omic data by leading efforts in error correction for high-throughput sequencing platforms, single cell sequencing and deep spatio-temporal metagenomics
Despite the importance of microbes for the coral host, there is a limited understanding of how the coral microbiome and their metabolic functions are affected by changing ocean conditions.
Microbial communities in the northern permafrost wetlands are central to understanding current and future global carbon cycling.
Marine microbes are tiny, they span only about 1/100 the diameter of a human hair, but they are very abundant in our oceans, accounting for over 90% of the biomass.
Understanding the metabolic potential of ANME and its role in anaerobic methane oxidation coupled to metal reduction.